Editor: Chris O'Brien
Author: Matt Kittell
Responsible Purchasing Network © 2008
The following people provided input to this Guide and helped ensure quality and accuracy. RPN accepts sole responsibility for any errors or omissions. Affiliations listed below were current as of publication and do not imply organizational endorsement of this Guide.
Allison Buttel (Think Energy), Eric Coffman (Montgomery County, MD), Stuart Cooley (City of Santa Monica, CA), Mardi Ditze (Community Energy), Neil Howell (State of Wisconsin), Susan Kirby (Montgomery County, MD), Dave Konkle (City of Ann Arbor, MI), Todd Larsen (Coop America), Samantha Putt del Pino (World Resources Institute), Sean Sheehan (Center for a New American Dream), Jeff Swenerton (Center for Resource Solutions), and Eric Williams (Nicolas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University).
ASE – Alliance to Save Energy. Summary of FY 2008 Energy Efficiency Funding. Undated.
AWEA – American Wind Energy Association. Putting Wind Power’s Effect on Birds in Perspective. 2003.
CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Respirable Coal Mine Dust. September 1995.
DOE – Department of Energy. Electric Utilities and Water: Emerging Issues and R&D Needs. April 2003.
______Undated(a). Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory’s Power Plant-Water R&D Program.
______Undated(b). Renewable Energy Certificates – Retail Products. Table last updated October 2007. Prices last updated July 2006. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(c). Green Pricing Utility Programs by State. Viewed on February 26, 2008.
EHP – Environmental Health Perspectives. Thermal Pollution Consequences of the Implementation of the President’s Energy Message on Increased Coal Utilization. National Institutes of Health. 1979.
EIA – Energy Information Administration. Annual Energy Outlook 2008. U.S. Department of Energy. 2008.
______2007. Renewable Energy Annual 2005. July 2007.
______2006. Annual Coal Report – Executive Summary. October 2006.
______Undated(a). U.S. Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers. U.S. Department of Energy. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(b). Petroleum Liquids: Consumption for Electricity Generation by Sector, 1993 through August 2007. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(c). Sales to Bundled and Unbundled Consumers by Sector, Census Division and State, 2006. Available at . Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(d). Average Retail Price for Bundled and Unbundled Consumers by Sector, Census Division, and State, 2006. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(e). Net Generation by Energy Source by Type of Producer. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(f). Renewable Energy Annual - 2005 Edition. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(g). Nuclear Power and the Environment. Viewed on February 26, 2008.
______Undated(h). Uranium Purchased by Owners and Operators of U.S. Civilian Nuclear Power Reactors. Viewed on February 26, 2008.
EPA – Environmental Protection Agency. 2007(a). Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2005. April 2007.
______2007(b). Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials from Uranium Mining, Volume 1: Mining and Reclamation Background. January 2006, revised June 2007.
______1999(a). Wastes from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels, Volume 1 – Executive Summary. March 1999.
______1999(b). Technical Background Document for the Report to Congress on Remaining Wastes from Fossil Fuel Combustion: Waste Characterization. March 1999.
______Undated(a). Electricity from Coal. Viewed on January 29, 2008.
______Undated(b). Electricity from Natural Gas. Viewed on January 29, 2008.
______Undated(c). Electricity from Oil. Viewed on January 29, 2008.
______Undated(d). Electricity from Nuclear Energy. Viewed on January 29, 2008.
______Undated(e). Technology Transfer Network – Clearinghouse for Inventories & Emissions Factors.
______Undated(f). 100% Green Power Purchasers: as of October 1, 2007. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
House – United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations. Summary: 2008 Energy and Water Appropriations as Passed by the House. Undated.
IAEA – International Atomic Energy Agency. Analysis of Uranium Supply to 2050. May 2001.
IPCC – Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. 2007.
MSHA – Mine Safety & Health Administration. 2007 Comparison of Year-to-Date and Total Fatalities for M/NM & Coal. U.S. Department of Labor. Undated(a). Viewed on December 11, 2007.
______Undated(b). Mine Injury and Worktime Quarterly Statistics – Coal Data. Viewed on December 11, 2007.
MSNBC – Drought could shut down nuclear power plants, January 23, 2008..
NEI – Nuclear Energy Institute. Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Plants. August 2007.
NESCAUM – Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management. Mercury Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants – The Case for Regulatory Action. October 2003.
New York Times. Energy Bill Aids Expansion of Atomic Power. July 31, 2007.
NRC – U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Fact Sheet on Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants. January 2004.
NREL – National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (Ninth Edition). U.S. Department of Energy. November 2006.
______2003. Consumptive Water Use for U.S. Power Production. December 2003.
NSL – Nevada Seismological Laboratory. Yucca Mountain Seismic Monitoring. Viewed on January 30, 2008.
NWCC – National Wind Coordinating Committee. Siting Issue for Wind Power Plants. January 1997.
Pennsylvania – Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Coal Mine Drainage and Pollution Prevention in Pennsylvania. October 1998.
Public Citizen. Analysis of the Domenici-Barton Energy Policy Act of 2005. 2005.
RPN – Responsible Purchasing Network. Undated(a). RPN calculation based on 2005 wind production data in EIA, 2007.
______Undated(b). RPN calculation. USGS, undated is source for total volume of ash from U.S. coal plants in 2000. Table A8 of EIA, 2008 is source for total MWh from coal in the U.S. RPN conversion to ash per MWh.
UCS – Union of Concerned Scientists. Renewable Energy Tax Credit Extended Again, but Risk of Boom-Bust Cycle in Wind Industry Continues. Undated.
USGS – U.S. Geological Survey. Mercury in Stream Ecosystems – New Studies Initiated by the U.S. Geological Survey. 2003.
Washington Post. Coal Rush Reverses, Power Firms Follow – Plans for New Plants Stalled by Growing Opposition. September 4, 2007.