Responsible Purchasing Network

Fleets: Handy Facts









  • There are over 240 million motor vehicles on the road in the U.S. today, nearly 10 million of which are in public and private fleets (BTS, 2006; CTA, 2006a).
  • Cars and light trucks are a significant source of air pollutants that cause smog and unhealthy air conditions in our cities and counties, emitting 1/3 of all nitrogen oxides and half of all carbon monoxide released in the U.S. each year (EPA, 2005).
  • In 2004, U.S., highway vehicles emitted more carbon dioxide emissions than the total national emissions from any country other than China and Russia (EPA, 2006d; Marland, 2006).
  • Over 95% of the fuel used by cars and light trucks is petroleum-based (CTA, 2006b).
  • Based on current trends, U.S. gasoline consumption could increase by 30 percent by 2030 (EIA, 2006).
  • After seven years of driving, a fleet of twenty Priuses will emit 1.3 million pounds less carbon dioxide, 25,000 pounds less carbon monoxide, and 320 pounds less nitrogen oxides than a fleet of twenty Crown Victorias (HEV Cost Calculator).
  • There are over 170,000 gasoline filling stations in the U.S., which dispense over 400 million gallons of fuel each day.
  • The U.S. imports more than 60% of the crude oil consumed, with 25% of that oil coming from OPEC countries (EIA, 2007a; EIA, 2007b).
  • There are over 500,000 hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) on the road in the U.S. today, over half of which are Toyota Prius sedans.
  • In the 2007 model year, twelve light duty HEVs are available from Chevrolet, Ford, GMC, Honda, Lexus, Mercury, Saturn, and Toyota that include small and mid-sized cars, sport utility vehicles, and pickup trucks.
  • There are over 5 million flex-fuel cars on the road in the U.S. today, which are capable of running on 85% ethanol (E85) blends.
  • There are just over 1,000 E85 filling stations in the U.S., half of which are located in Minnesota, Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin.
  • Twelve states do not have any E85 filling stations.
  • There are over 630 biodiesel fueling stations in the U.S., with Missouri, South and North Carolina, and Texas having more than other states.
  • Only Alaska, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and West Virginia have no biodiesel filling stations.
  • There are over 150,000 natural gas vehicles on the road in the U.S. today.
  • There are over 730 natural gas fueling stations in the U.S., over half of which are available for public use.

Creative Commons License This work by the Responsible Purchasing Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.